What is the count of Indian Educational Institutions and Teachers?

Malcolm X said "Education is the passport to the future, for tomorrow belongs to those who prepare for it today." In the words of Nelson Mandela, "Education is the most powerful tool which you can use to change the world."


The history of Indian education has its roots to the ancient ages where the Gurukul System was followed- the system in which the students resided with the teachers until the teacher had a feeling that the student has gathered all knowledge that he could have passed on. It has seen one of the first universities in Nalanda that was regarded as the educational hub around 900 AD. India today holds the second largest higher education network in the world. It has a huge network of schools, colleges and universities that is required to take care of world’s largest youth population (India is expected to have more than 50% of its population less than 25 years old and around 65% population is below 35 years age).

 

Below is a statistical ride of Indian education system with its breakup between schools, colleges and universities. Schools are categorized as Primary Schools (Class 1 to 5), Upper Primary Schools (Class 6 to 7), High/Secondary Schools (Class 8 to 10) and Intermediate/Senior Secondary Schools (Class 11 to 12). Another section of schools, Pre-Primary Schools or Kindergartens is also experiencing a surge in demand.

 

                                                     NO. OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS, SCHOOLS

 

  Higher Education Institutions (in Nos)

        School Education Institutions (in Nos)

Year                   

Universit-ies        

Colleges  

Stand-alone Institutions

Total                  

Intermediate/ Senior Secondary Schools

High/ Secondary Schools

Upper Primary Schools

Primary Schools

Total of All Schools

 

     

 

       

 

2009-10

436

27852

-

28288

71680

122208

394126

819945

1407959

2010-11

621

32974

11139

44734

72046

131215

447600

748547

1399408

2011-12

642

34852

11157

46651

84133

128321

474294

712437

1399185

2012-13

665

35829

11443

47937

122368

106546

417133

853870

1500768

2013-14

723

36634

11664

49021

103569

133542

421524

858916

1518160

2014-15

760

38498

12276

51534

109318

135335

425094

847118

1516892

2015-16

-

-

-

-

112637

139539

429624

840546

1522346

Source: Department of Higher Education, Ministry of HRD, DISE, NUEPA

 

To provide education and training to a young populace like India, it requires an equally matched teaching workforce. Currently the verified data of number of teachers in the educational institutions can be seen below:

                                              Table 2: NUMBER OF TEACHERS IN EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

                               (By Stages of Institutions)

                                      (No in Thousand)

 

    Primary Schools

Upper Primary Schools

Secondary Schools

Senior Secondary Schools

   Total Teachers                         

UTD   

AC

Total No. of Teachers in Universities and Affiliated Colleges

 Year                  

 

Total

Total

Total

Total

Total  

Women

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

2001-02

1928

1468

1019

759

5174

1883

75

352

427

2002-03

1913

1581

996

1037

5527

2203

72

364

436

2003-04

2097

1592

1072

953

5714

2260

76

381

457

2004-05

2161

1589

1083

1000

5833

2240

77

395

472

2005-06

2184

1671

1123

1032

6010

2352

79

409

488

2006-07

2323

1717

1173

1075

6288

2458

81

424

505

2007-08

2315

1780

1175

952

6222

2540

84

438

522

2008-09

2229

1899

1194

1024

6346

2565

90

498

588

2009-10

2217

1778

1185

1145

6325

2671

101

598

699

2010-11

2099

1887

1247

1261

6494

2711

134

683

817

2011-12

2254

2074

1163

1303

6794

2873

158

776

934

2012-13

7354

-

1174

494

9022

 -

166

786

952

2013-14

2684

2513

1287

1785

8269

-

181

868

1049

2014-15

2670

2560

1347

1985

8562

-

194

1068

1261

2015-16

2606

2612

1432

2042

8692

-

-

-

-

 Source: Department of Education, Ministry of Human Resource Development.

 Data in respect of Universities and Affiliated Colleges has been received from University Grants Commission.

 

Although these numbers are mind boggling, but these are bound to get bigger as education sector in India is experiencing a structural haul with ever increasing platforms and curriculums and teachers are getting more opportunities. About 600,000 students are enrolled and passed out every year and yet there is a short fall of teachers by a number of 400,000 as per the data of MHRD. The higher education sector is also including various courses to cope up with technological and managerial advancements that are coming to the fore. Hopefully all these advancements are going to affect the Indian education system and sector for good.

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