Study Options beyond NEET and JEE for Students

A large number of students across the nation generally aspire to get into Medical or Engineering profession, and therefore look at NEET(National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) and JEE(Joint Entrance Examination) respectively as the main exams to get entry into colleges of their choice in the medical and engineering streams respectively. However, due to very high competition for limited seats, and increasing number of students attempting these exams every year, chances of getting through these exams in the first attempt is difficult for most. In this article, we list out many other options that are available in the medical and engineering fields, which can be taken without NEET and JEE. Of course, there are many options outside of medicine and engineering as well, but we will cover those in another article (Part 2).


Medical Courses other than NEET 

Medical aspirants across India must have access to all options of medical courses available after Class 12. This is because the competition level is ever increasing. Also, from the year 2020, since AIIMS and JIPMER have been merged in NEET exam, medical aspirants must be finding the competition tougher.  Here is where candidates must increase their knowledge of the possible medical courses without NEET 2020.

There are many career options available beyond NEET for medical aspirants, such as phlebotomists, medical lab technologists, nutritionists, physician assistants among others. Though they will not have an MBBS degree, the salary and career stability for these careers are also quite good.


Eligibility for courses other than NEET

Medical aspirants who opt for medical courses after without NEET are required to fulfil certain conditions such as:

  • Completion of class 12 with minimum qualifying percentile
  • Having Physics, Chemistry and Biology/Mathematics (PCB/PCM)
  • Clearance of entrance examination in certain universities


Career scope of medical degree without NEET UG

The scope of work and remuneration in these professions increases steeply with increase in experience, expertise and qualifications. These professionals can work with doctors or as researchers or even run their independent practice.


Medical Courses after Class 12 without NEET

Alternative Medical Career Field

Course and Duration

Admission Requirement

Institutions Offering the Course

Occupational Therapist

Occupational therapists help people of all ages to live a better and more fulfilling life, by helping them overcome some physical or mental illness or injury. The reason of the patient’s illness could vary from an injury, accident, long standing illness, paralysis, stroke, autism, old age or anything else.

Occupational therapists work on a one-on-one basis with clients in clinical settings, in NGOs and in schools among others. They use exercise, functional training, environmental restructuring, etc. as rehabilitation tools.

Bachelor of Occupational Therapy (4.5 years)

Diploma in Rehabilitation (Occupational Therapy) DR(OT) (1 year)

Class 12 with PCB

Christian Medical College, Vellore; Manipal University; Indraprastha University, New Delhi; Rajiv Gandhi Paramedical Institute, New Delhi; Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi; All India Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mumbai


Biotechnologists synthesize the knowledge of Biology and technology to develop/invent products and processes aimed at improving the overall quality of life. It may involve study of genetic manipulation in microorganisms, etc.

Biotechnologists can work in a variety of research settings belonging to a wide range of fields like agriculture, pharma, food, genomics, chemistry, etc.

Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology (3 years) and

Class 12 with PCB/M

Christ University, Bangalore; Jamia Milia Islamia, New Delhi; Fergusson College, Pune; Loyola College, Chennai; VIT Vellore; SRM Institute of Science and Technology

Biomedical Engineer

While biotechnologists concern themselves with a broader scope of the interaction of natural science with technology, biomedical engineers study interaction of medicine with technology to understand the cause of diseases, invent/develop solutions, etc.

Biomedical engineering is a budding field. Biomedical engineers can join research labs or can liaise with doctors and scientists to use their expertise in building robust medical technology, bioinformatics systems, etc.

Bachelor of Technology in Biomedical Engineering (4 years)

Class 12 with PCB/M

Amity University; Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences; VIT Vellore; Sathyabama Institute of Science and Technology

Microbiologist (Non-Clinical)

Microbiologists study microscopic organisms present in various materials around us like soil, water, food, humans and plants. They make sure that the food we eat and environment we live in are safe.

Microbiologists can work in research environments including labs, food industry, distilleries, agriculture, etc. They can also go for government jobs and work as safety officers for relevant departments.

Bachelor of Science in Microbiology (3 years)

Class 12 with PCB

University of Delhi; The Oxford College of Science, Bangalore; Madras Christian College, Chennai; Punjab University; Amity University; Delhi Institute of Technology and Paramedical Sciences

Cardiovascular Technologist

Cardiovascular Technologists assist physicians in timely and correct diagnosis and treatment of heart and blood vessel related ailments. They perform tests, ultrasounds and other cardiovascular procedures on patients, review their files and monitor them.

Cardiovascular technologists work in hospitals and clinics where physicians are present. They may also get employed in testing labs.

Bachelor of Science in Cardiac or Cardiovascular Technology (4 years)

Class 12 with PCB

Christian Medical College, Vellore; Manipal University; Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham; Hamdard Institute of Medical Science and Research


Perfusionists are specialized healthcare professionals who know how to operate machines in the operating theatre and keep a patient alive during surgical procedures. For instance during open heart or lung surgery, while doctors operate on the organ, perfusionists ensure that blood keeps circulating in the body to keep other organs alive.

Perfusionists interact with surgeons and other healthcare professionals directly to help them in critical medical procedures. They can work in hospitals and clinical centres.

Bachelor of Perfusion Technology or Bachelor of Science in Cardio Pulmonary Perfusion Technology (3-4 years)

Class 12 with PCB

Manipal University; PGI Chandigarh; JIPMER Puducherry; Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham; CMC Vellore; JSS Academy of Higher Education, Mysore; NIMS University, Rajasthan

Respiratory Therapists

Respiratory Therapists take care of patients who have breathing issues or problems relating to the pulmonary system. Their patients come from diverse age groups, from infants to people in their old age. They provide life-saving care to these and trauma patients as well.

Respiratory therapists work in acute care hospital and clinical settings, such as in emergency care, ICU, newborn units, etc.

Bachelor of Respiratory Therapy (4 years)

Class 12 with PCB

CMC Vellore; Manipal University; Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham; JSS Academy of Higher Education, Mysore

Nutritionist (Public Health Nutritionist, Sports Nutritionist, etc.)

Nutritionists advise patients on health and food choices after understanding their underlying conditions, allergies, etc. While dieticians have the expertise to make food charts and manage the eating habits of patients, nutritionists mainly concern themselves with the promotion of a healthy lifestyle through healthy food. With advance degrees and expertise, nutritionists can also assume the role of dieticians.

Nutritionists can work independently or with a hospital or clinic. They can also specialize in a particular field like sports, public health, food technology, etc. and then join the relevant industry.

Bachelor of Science in Nutrition and Dietetics (3 years); Or

Bachelor of Sciences in Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics (3 years); Or

Bachelor of Science in Human Nutrition (3 years)

Class 12

Manav Rachna University, Haryana; Lovely Professional University, Punjab; Andhra University; Amity University; Manipal University; Mount Carmel College, Bangalore


Psychologists help people cope with life and mental health issues effectively through therapeutic methods, psychoanalysis and tests. Psychologists with clinical expertise may also suggest appropriate medicine to enhance a patient’s quality of life.

Psychologists can work in hospitals, clinics, schools, etc. or work independently.

Bachelor's in Psychology (3 years)

Class 12

University of Delhi; Amity University; Christ University; NIMS University, Rajasthan


Cytogeneticists study chromosomes to detect genetic disorders and diseases. They are responsible for detecting, analyzing and interpreting genetic diseases through blood, tissue and other bodily fluids. They use microscopy, photography, DNA techniques, etc. to detect genetic anomalies.

Cytogeneticists work at hospitals, clinics and research labs and the work involves testing on unborn babies and other patients. It is a budding field in India. The specialization in cytogenetics is introduced at Master's level and those desirous of pursuing this field can opt for genetics or biotechnology degree at undergraduate level.

Bachelor of Science in Genetics (3 years); Or

Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology (3 years)

Class 12 with PCB/M

Institute of Genetic Engineering, West Bengal; Bangalore City College; Bhavan’s Vivekananda College; Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham; AIMS Institutes, Bangalore


Besides the alternative medical careers listed above, there are plenty of other medical courses without NEET, which can be checked from the list below:

  1. Advance Care Paramedic
  2. Anesthesia Assistant and Technologist
  3. Anatomy (Non-clinical)
  4. Assistant Behaviour Analyst
  5. Behaviour Analyst
  6. Biochemistry
  7. Burn Care Technologist
  8. Cell Geneticist
  9. Clinical Coder
  10. Clinical Social Worker (other than Counsellors)
  11. Critical Care or Intensive Care Unit (ICU) Technologist
  12. Cytotechnologist
  13. Diagnostic Medical Radiographer
  14. Diagnostic Medical Sonographer
  15. Dialysis Therapy Technologist
  16. Dietician including Clinical Dietician, Food Service Dietician
  17. Ecologist
  18. Electrocardiogram (ECG) Technologist or Echocardiogram (ECHO) Technologist
  19. Electroencephalogram (EEG) or Electroneurodiagnostic (END) or Electromyography (EMG) Technologist or Neuro Lab Technologist
  20. Emergency Medical Technologist (Paramedic) or Emergency Medical Technician - Basic
  21. Endoscopy and Laparoscopy Technologist
  22. Environment Protection Officer
  23. Forensic Science Technologist
  24. Health Educator including Disease Counsellors, Diabetes Educators, Lactation Consultants
  25. Health Information Management Assistant, Medical Secretary,
  26. Transcription (Including Medical Record Technician or Medical Records Analyst)
  27. Health Information Management Technologist
  28. Hemato-technologist
  29. Histo-technologist
  30. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Counsellors or Family Planning Counsellors
  31. Integrated Behavioural Health Counsellors
  32. Medical Equipment Technologist
  33. Medical Laboratory Technologist
  34. Mental Health Support Workers
  35. Molecular Biologist (non-clinical)
  36. Molecular Geneticist
  37. Movement Therapist including Art, Dance and Movement Therapist or Recreational Therapist
  38. Nuclear Medicine Technologist
  39. Occupational Health and Safety Officer
  40. Operation Theatre (OT) Technologist
  41. Ophthalmic Assistant
  42. Optometrist
  43. Physician Associate and Assistant
  44. Physiology (Non-clinical)
  45. Physiotherapist including Geriatric Physical Therapist, Orthopaedic Physical Therapist, Pediatric Physical Therapist
  46. Podiatrist
  47. Radiology and Imaging Technologist or Assistants (Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), Computed Tomography (CT), Mammography)
  48. Radiotherapy Technologist Etc.



Options in Engineering other than JEE 

JEE Mains is one of the most trying entrance exams in India. More than 10 lakh candidates appear for JEE every year to compete for less than 10,000 seats in all IITs. There may arise a situation where you give it your best shot but still somehow fall a little short of attaining the required score. However, that doesn’t necessarily mark the end of your aspirations in the field of engineering, there are a number of options open for you that you can choose from and have a successful career. It helps to prepare for other engineering entrance exams and keep options open.


1. NITs:

Admission into an IIT is an aspiration for every engineering aspirant, but the competition is very intense. Therefore, one can apply for admissions in a NIT. This can be done by taking AIEEE exam. Most NITs are on par with IITs. AIEEE is a good alternative than spending another year to reappear for JEE Mains if one does not get admission through JEE in current year.


2. IIITs, GFTIs, and Government Colleges:

After IITs and NITs, the next best option is to apply to IIITs (triple IT i.e., Indian Institute of Information Technology), GFTIs (Government Funded Technical Institutes), and government colleges are good options. These institutes also produce excellent professionals every year.


3. Consortium of Other Engineering Exams in certain states:

Even though JEE Mains is one of the most popular engineering entrance exams nationwide, it is not the only option. There are several State and University level exams that you can appear for to pursue a career in engineering. COMEDK, Consortium of Medical Engineering and Dental colleges in Karnataka and MHT-CET i.e., Maharashtra Common Entrance Test are examples of some well-known exams, that can be considered as a backup plan, to get into some reputed colleges in these states.



4. Private Universities:

Over the last few years, there are several excellent private universities with comprehensive curriculums where you can apply. Some of these universities have their own entrance exams so it is best to make the necessary inquires when seeking admission. Private universities offer students a high-quality education, one that rivals IITs and MITs across the nation.



BITSAT is conducted every year for admission into Integrated degree programmes offered by the Birla Institute of Technology and Sciences. BITS offers undergraduate and postgraduate courses in engineering and Pharmacy. Candidates who qualify in the entrance exam are offered admissions at any of the three campuses in Pilani, Goa and Hyderabad.



SRM Joint Engineering Entrance Examination or SRMJEEE will be conducted by SRM Institute of Science and Technology from April 15 to 25, 2019 for admission to B.Tech. programmes offered by the institute.


(iii) Manipal Entrance Test– MET 

Ranked among the top 5 Private Engineering Colleges in India, Manipal offers a wide variety of courses to those whose bring creativity to their knowledge. The institute offers 16 engineering streams including Mechatronics, Computer Science and Aeronautical.


(iv)  Other Private universities

  • UPESEAT- University of Petroleum & Energy Studies Entrance Admission Test to get into UPES for anyone who aspires to have a career in Petroleum/ Mechanical/ Civil Engineering,
  • Sandip University, a private university offering Engineering courses in several streams are a few other options that can be considered.


(References: Various University Websites and Career counselling websites)


I hope this helps our teachers who might be facing questions from the students who get confused about what to study and how to get to a good college if they are not confident enough to crack very competitive and tough entrance exams like NEET and JEE. Do not forget to like this article and share with your friends and colleagues who could also benefit from it. If you are a teacher and looking for opportunities in the education sector, you may please register as a candidate at Being a top consultant in the education sector, working exclusively with academies and education corporates, we would be able to help you with relevant job opportunities.